There are so many reasons as to why miscarriage happens, and most of them are unfortunately out of your control. The number one question that people ask is always: why? Miscarriages can be completely devastating and can impart a lot of long terms emotional problems. One of the hardest things to face can be a complete lack of knowledge as to why the event happened.
Causes of miscarriages
In the vast majority of cases, especially those that have early miscarriages, it is very difficult to be able to decipher what went wrong. Many experts are actually amazed by how often a pregnancy can go right! Thinking about the intricate nature of human beings, there is more to go wrong on so many things that have to go perfectly. It can often seem like a miracle when birth occurs. Consider that you are dealing with two sets of different genetic material that come together, divide and mutate – there is so much that can go wrong. One of the most simple ways that you can think about miscarriage is that it is nature’s way of making sure that humans are compatible with life.
Too many couples who have miscarriages live in the pain of their past and blame themselves extensively. They should think about the truth whereby they have done nothing wrong to cause their miscarriage. Let’s find out more about why miscarriages occur in the first place.
Why does a miscarriage occur?
Research from the American Pregnancy Association has shown that the most common cause is due to genetic complications and abnormality within the embryo. There are several underlying factors that can increase the likelihood of miscarriage, including diabetes, thyroid disorder, immunological disorder, trauma, drug abuse, and much more.
1. Abnormal chromosomes
Unfortunately, glitches in the genetic makeup of the fetus are what make up 70% of the first trimester and 20% of the second-trimester miscarriage. When the egg has been fertilized by sperm, this results in 23 chromosomes coming together, and a matching pair is complete. This process is complex, and any minor glitch can result in disasters such as miscarriages and abnormal chromosome disorders. Many abnormal chromosomes don’t result in one and can lead the fetus to develop so that it can function. However, there are many cases where they can lead to fetal death.
Older women are more likely to get a miscarriage because of chromosomal abnormality, particularly women that are older than 35 years old. The reason for this is that one of the eggs that are present in a woman’s body from birth will have had more time to mutate over time. Anyone who is below the age of 20 has a much lower risk of having a miscarriage, typically between 12 and 15%. As a woman approaches the age of 40, the risk doubles. Sadly, this is a fact of life, and there’s not much that can be done to prevent miscarriages as a result of abnormal chromosomes. Once it happens, it is going to happen.
2. A thyroid disorder
Whether it is hyperthyroidism (high) or hypothyroidism (low), different thyroid disorders can result in infertility and miscarriage. If a woman experiences hypothyroidism and her thyroid function is much too low, their body will try to compensate for this by producing many hormones that will suppress ovulation. On the other hand, if a woman produces far too many hormones, this interferes with the function of estrogen. This can lead to unfavorable implications for the development of a fetus, such as uterine bleeding.
Things can go wrong if you have diabetes as a pregnant lady. The people at Home Maker Guide say that if you are a pregnant woman with diabetes, you should consult an endocrinologist or physician in order to optimize your sugar control. Any diabetes which is incident dependent and occurs within the first trimester can severely increase the likelihood of problems. It can also increase the likelihood of serious birth defects developing for the child.
4. Physical issues
When a mother experiences some physical problems or ailments, this can cause a miscarriage in some cases. Usually, if there are physical issues, miscarriages occur in the third trimester. Let’s look at some examples of problems which can exacerbate the risk of miscarriage:
● Uterine fibroids are interfering with blood supply to the fetus or implantation.
● For women that are born with a septum, uterine defects can be linked to miscarriages.
● Scar tissue development within the uterus or any surgery can prevent a woman from being able to implant their egg properly, hampering blood flow to the placenta.
5. Blood clots
Women may experience blood clotting disorders. These can be very serious and may lead to premature fetal death. Thankfully, they’re not as common as the other reasons we’ve mentioned.
We hope that this information has been useful to you. It is also not all doom and gloom. For instance, because of x-ray technology, many doctors can determine uterine defects. These can be treated, which can significantly reduce the likelihood of a miscarriage occurring. All the best.
Do you know anyone who has experienced issues with their pregnancy? Share your stories in the comment section below.